Wednesday, November 4, 2015

Drawing and composition


Chapter 1 questions (please use complete sentences,punctuationgrammar ect.)

What is the advantage of using an easel rather than a drawing table or board when drawing from life?
What part of the body should be used for drawing, especially in the initial stages?
What kind of lamp is best for illuminating your drawing surface?
What are the differences between vine charcoal and compressed charcoal?
Name three tools you can use to blend or remove charcoal.
What designation indicates the softness of a graphite pencil?
Why is it important to take a break every so often from your drawing session?

Chapter 2
What is the effect of including outlines around the shapes of objects you draw?
How can you create the illusion of volume in a two-dimensional drawing?
Which is darker, the lightest tone of the shadow area or the darkest tone in the light area?
What makes some parts of the shadow areas lighter than other parts?
What are the four basic shapes?
What should always be the first step in making a drawing?
How can you use the sighting method to determine the relative size of two objects?
What is negative space and why is it important?

Chapter 3
What is the best way to see values accurately?
What is meant by “local color”? Give an example.
What is the first thing you should do when beginning the tonal stage of drawing?
Give two reasons for blocking in tones early in the drawing process.
How is the sphere unique among the basic shapes?
Describe a method for drawing a circle freehand.
What part of a sphere is closest to the viewer’s eye?
What is the shape of the cast shadow of a sphere?

Chapter 4
What are two effects of linear perspective that are important in drawing?
What is the horizon line?
When should you use one-point perspective in drawing a cube?
When should you use two-point perspective in drawing a cube?
What is the difference between one-point and two-point perspective?
What is the best way to determine the angles of the horizontal lines when drawing a cube in perspective?
What is a good way to check the shape of the top of a cube drawn in perspective?
How can you make the edges of a cube appear to come forward toward the viewer?

Chapter 5
What is the meaning of the term proportion?
What is the horizon plane?
How does the horizon plane help to unify your drawing?
How is a rectangular object similar to and different from a cubic object?
How is shading used to define the squareness of a rectangular object’s edges?
How can you make a cubic or rectangular object appear to sit firmly on its surface?

Chapter 6
What is elliptical perspective?
What is the appearance of a circle, such as the end of a cylinder, when it is seen from exactly eye level?
How is drawing a cylinder similar to drawing a sphere?
How is drawing a cylinder similar to drawing a cube?
What effect does linear perspective have on a cylinder lying on its side at an angle?
What is the first step in drawing a cylinder lying on its side at an angle?
What happens to the ellipses of a cylinder that is lying on its side at an angle?

Chapter 7 
Define foreground, middle ground, and background.
Name the four techniques you can use to create the illusion of space.
What is the effect of placing an object higher on the picture plane, closer to your eye level?
Which appears closer: an object with a greater range of values or an object with a smaller range of values?
Name the four basic shapes.
How can you keep the cones you draw from becoming lopsided?
How can you make a cone appear round?
What can you do to help you draw accurately the ellipse at the base of a cone that’s lying on its side?

Chapter 1 questions (please use complete sentences,punctuationgrammar ect.)

What is the advantage of using an easel rather than a drawing table or board when drawing from life?
What part of the body should be used for drawing, especially in the initial stages?
What kind of lamp is best for illuminating your drawing surface?
What are the differences between vine charcoal and compressed charcoal?
Name three tools you can use to blend or remove charcoal.
What designation indicates the softness of a graphite pencil?
Why is it important to take a break every so often from your drawing session?

Chapter 2
What is the effect of including outlines around the shapes of objects you draw?
How can you create the illusion of volume in a two-dimensional drawing?
Which is darker, the lightest tone of the shadow area or the darkest tone in the light area?
What makes some parts of the shadow areas lighter than other parts?
What are the four basic shapes?
What should always be the first step in making a drawing?
How can you use the sighting method to determine the relative size of two objects?
What is negative space and why is it important?

Chapter 3
What is the best way to see values accurately?
What is meant by “local color”? Give an example.
What is the first thing you should do when beginning the tonal stage of drawing?
Give two reasons for blocking in tones early in the drawing process.
How is the sphere unique among the basic shapes?
Describe a method for drawing a circle freehand.
What part of a sphere is closest to the viewer’s eye?
What is the shape of the cast shadow of a sphere?

Chapter 4
What are two effects of linear perspective that are important in drawing?
What is the horizon line?
When should you use one-point perspective in drawing a cube?
When should you use two-point perspective in drawing a cube?
What is the difference between one-point and two-point perspective?
What is the best way to determine the angles of the horizontal lines when drawing a cube in perspective?
What is a good way to check the shape of the top of a cube drawn in perspective?
How can you make the edges of a cube appear to come forward toward the viewer?

Chapter 5
What is the meaning of the term proportion?
What is the horizon plane?
How does the horizon plane help to unify your drawing?
How is a rectangular object similar to and different from a cubic object?
How is shading used to define the squareness of a rectangular object’s edges?
How can you make a cubic or rectangular object appear to sit firmly on its surface?

Chapter 6
What is elliptical perspective?
What is the appearance of a circle, such as the end of a cylinder, when it is seen from exactly eye level?
How is drawing a cylinder similar to drawing a sphere?
How is drawing a cylinder similar to drawing a cube?
What effect does linear perspective have on a cylinder lying on its side at an angle?
What is the first step in drawing a cylinder lying on its side at an angle?
What happens to the ellipses of a cylinder that is lying on its side at an angle?

Chapter 7 
Define foreground, middle ground, and background.
Name the four techniques you can use to create the illusion of space.
What is the effect of placing an object higher on the picture plane, closer to your eye level?
Which appears closer: an object with a greater range of values or an object with a smaller range of values?
Name the four basic shapes.
How can you keep the cones you draw from becoming lopsided?
How can you make a cone appear round?
What can you do to help you draw accurately the ellipse at the base of a cone that’s lying on its side?

Chapter 8
Define composition in still-life drawing.
Name the three basic principles of composition described in this chapter.
Why is it important to place the objects in a still-life composition close together?
What is an implied line?
Name three ways to establish a particular object as the focal point of your drawing.
What is the first step in deciding whether a composition is visually balanced?
Name three aspects that help determine the visual weight of a drawn object.
Why is asymmetrical balance more visually pleasing than symmetrical balance?
What should you do to ensure that the complex objects you draw don’t turn out lopsided?

Chapter 9
Define drapery.
What is the function of drapery in a still-life composition?
Which of the basic shapes is created by hanging fabric that has not been creased?
Which of the basic shapes is created by creased fabric?
What is the recommended way to begin a drawing of a dark piece of drapery, after establishing the basic shape of the piece of fabric as a whole?
How can you tell if the texture of the fabric you’re looking at is reflective?
At what point in your drawing should you render any pattern in the fabric?

Chapter11
What is the first step in drawing an object made of glass or other transparent material?
What is the effect of the curvature of a glass surface on the appearance of objects seen from behind the glass?
In addition to being able to see the objects behind a glass object, what else can you see in a glass vessel such as a wineglass that you would not be able to see in a glass made of an opaque material such as metal?
How is the surface of glass like and unlike the surface of polished metal?
What should you do differently when you are drawing colored glass from when you are  drawing clear glass?
What is the effect of a clear liquid such as water on objects seen through it?
How is a nearly opaque liquid such as milk different from a clear liquid such as water?

Chapter 13
Which of the four basic shapes predominates in the human figure?
How many heads high is the average or ideal human figure when standing?
What is the midpoint of the average human figure when standing?
What are the two basic shapes found in the hands and feet?
What is foreshortening?
In addition to knowledge of the ideal proportions of the head, what techniques are used to capture an accurate likeness?
What tools can you use to frame your landscape picture in order to block out the areas you don’t want to draw? 
Why must you work quickly to block in shadow areas when working outdoors?

What is the effect of including richly detailed texture in an area of your drawing?

22 comments:

  1. Chapter 1 questions (please use complete sentences,punctuation, grammar ect.)

    What is the advantage of using an easel rather than a drawing table or board when drawing from life?
    Drawing using an easel is very comfortable for long periods of drawing sessions.

    What part of the body should be used for drawing, especially in the initial stages?
    You should use you're arm, it allows you to draw more of the whole still life.

    What kind of lamp is best for illuminating your drawing surface?
    A strong directional light, place the lamp on the opposite side of your drawing hand.

    What are the differences between vine charcoal and compressed charcoal?
    Vine charcoal comes in thin sticks and is easy to blend and erase.
    Compressed charcoal is loose charcoal thats been pressed into a stick

    Name three tools you can use to blend or remove charcoal.
    kneaded eraser
    Paper stumps
    Chamois cloth

    What designation indicates the softness of a graphite pencil?
    2B, 4B, 6B the higher the B number the softer the lead

    Why is it important to take a break every so often from your drawing session?
    It takes a lot of mental concentration and if you get tired your work might not be done as well and detailed.

    Connor Blough

    ReplyDelete
  2. What is the advantage of using an easel rather than a drawing table or board when drawing from life?
    Drawing using an easel is very comfortable for long periods of drawing sessions.

    What part of the body should be used for drawing, especially in the initial stages?
    You should use you're arm.

    What kind of lamp is best for illuminating your drawing surface?
    place the lamp on the opposite side of your drawing hand.

    What are the differences between vine charcoal and compressed charcoal?
    Vine charcoal comes in thin sticks and is easy to blend and erase.
    Compressed charcoal is loose charcoal thats been pressed into a stick

    Name three tools you can use to blend or remove charcoal.
    kneaded eraser
    Paper stumps
    Chamois cloth

    What designation indicates the softness of a graphite pencil?
    higher the B number the softer the lead

    Why is it important to take a break every so often from your drawing session?
    It takes a lot of mental concentration and fresh eyes

    ReplyDelete
  3. What is the effect of including outlines around the shapes of objects you draw?
    effect of space and objects
    How can you create the illusion of volume in a two-dimensional drawing?
    shading
    Which is darker, the lightest tone of the shadow area or the darkest tone in the light area?
    lightest one of shaded area
    What makes some parts of the shadow areas lighter than other parts?
    closeer to the light reflected light
    What are the four basic shapes?
    spere cube cylinder cone
    What should always be the first step in making a drawing?
    studying the subject
    How can you use the sighting method to determine the relative size of two objects?
    hold you thumb and index finger at the object close one eye extend your eye at what you are going draw
    What is negative space and why is it important?
    space where there isn't anything

    ReplyDelete
  4. What is the advantage of using an easel rather than a drawing table or board when drawing from life? It provides a more comfortable, upright position, that allows you to alternate between your drawing and still life without movie your head.
    What part of the body should be used for drawing, especially in the initial stages? You should start of using your entire arm in a sweeping motion to fully draw your still life. Once you do the final touches you should use your wrist.
    What kind of lamp is best for illuminating your drawing surface? A clamp-on lamp with a long neck and a spring.
    What are the differences between vine charcoal and compressed charcoal? vine- long and skinny, used for light shading compressed- think compressed square slab, used for the darkest points and blending
    Name three tools you can use to blend or remove charcoal.
    kneaded eraser, paper stumps, chamois cloth
    What designation indicates the softness of a graphite pencil? The higher the B number, the softer the lead is.
    Why is it important to take a break every so often from your drawing session? You can become exhausted and lose concentration when you need it most.

    ReplyDelete
  5. What is the best way to see values accurately?
    compare it to another value
    What is meant by “local color”? Give an example.
    actul color of an object, lemon
    What is the first thing you should do when beginning the tonal stage of drawing?
    blocking in
    Give two reasons for blocking in tones early in the drawing process.
    creates value structure, elemnates working with white paper
    How is the sphere unique among the basic shapes?
    not affected by eye level
    Describe a method for drawing a circle freehand.
    draw lightly and slowly define your shape
    What part of a sphere is closest to the viewer’s eye?
    the center
    What is the shape of the cast shadow of a sphere?
    ellipse

    ReplyDelete
  6. Chapter 3
    What is the best way to see values accurately?
    compare it to another value

    What is meant by “local color”? Give an example.
    actual color of an object, lemon
    What is the first thing you should do when beginning the tonal stage of drawing?
    blocking in
    Give two reasons for blocking in tones early in the drawing process.
    create value strictire, eliminates working with white paper
    How is the sphere unique among the basic shapes?
    not affected by eye level
    Describe a method for drawing a circle freehand.
    draw lightly and slowly define your shape
    What part of a sphere is closest to the viewer’s eye?
    the center
    What is the shape of the cast shadow of a sphere?
    eclipse

    ReplyDelete
  7. What are two effects of linear perspective that are important in drawing?
    depth in picture, in cubic objects

    What is the horizon line?
    artist eye level

    When should you use one-point perspective in drawing a cube?
    viewing object like a cube straight on

    When should you use two-point perspective in drawing a cube?
    viewing from a angle

    What is the difference between one-point and two-point perspective?
    one point is straight on and two point is a angle

    What is the best way to determine the angles of the horizontal lines when drawing a cube in perspective?
    observation and sighting

    What is a good way to check the shape of the top of a cube drawn in perspective?
    clear contrast of angle and light

    How can you make the edges of a cube appear to come forward toward the viewer?
    draw closest to views eye

    ReplyDelete
  8. Chapter 5

    What is the meaning of the term proportion?
    the difference of height,width, depth

    What is the horizon plane?
    a plane that expends outward from your feet to eye level

    How does the horizon plane help to unify your drawing?
    it zeros in on what is on the table

    How is a rectangular object similar to and different from a cubic object?
    you have many similar shapes when drawing that shape.

    How is shading used to define the squareness of a rectangular object’s edges?
    it echos the shape of the object

    How can you make a cubic or rectangular object appear to sit firmly on its surface?
    drawing a dark line under the object

    ReplyDelete
  9. Chapter 5
    What is the meaning of the term proportion?
    The differences in size among the height, width, and depth

    What is the horizon plane?
    eye level

    How does the horizon plane help to unify your drawing?
    It helps make everything look real and in the right place

    How is a rectangular object similar to and different from a cubic object?
    Not all sides are the same it may be short wide deep or tall. It still has 4 sides

    How is shading used to define the squareness of a rectangular object’s edges?
    different shading using the light to make make a side darker than the other in variation with planes to make it look like it s coming out at you
    How can you make a cubic or rectangular object appear to sit firmly on its surface?
    The cast shadow